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那些由“母亲”演化来的单词
来源:沪江英语    日期: 2012-11-06

         Metropolis 大都市
  
    Nowadays, it refers to a large city — particularly an important one。这个词现在多指大都市,尤其是地位比较重要的城市。
  
    In ancient Greece, metropolis referred to the mother city of a colony. Metropolis comes from the Greek mētēr ("mother") + polis ("city")。在古希腊,metropolis指殖民地的宗主城市。Metropolis一词源于希腊语的mētēr(母亲)和polis(城市)。
  MatrixMatrix
  
    Matrix 母体,背景,模型
  
    The term originates in the Latin mater, meaning "mother."这个词源于拉丁语中的mater一词,意为“母亲”。
  
    The original (now-archaic) meaning of matrix was "uterus." Today the word usually refers to a situation or set of conditions in which something develops or forms.Matrix一词最早的意思为“子宫”(如今该用法已弃用)。现在,这个词通常指形势或者事物发展或成形的条件。
  Alma MaterAlma Mater
  
    Alma Mater 母校
  
    Alma mater refers either to a school one attended, or to that school's song.Alma mater指“母校”或者母校的校歌。
  
    The ancients used alma mater as a title for such goddesses as Ceres, the Roman goddess of the growth of food plants, and Cybele, who was worshipped as the universal mother of gods, humans, and animals。古代的人用alma mater来指代谷神星(古罗马掌管谷物生长的女神)和希比利神(亦称“众神之母”,是宇宙中一切神、人类和动物之母)。
  Matrimony Matrimony
  
      Matrimony 婚姻
  
    Matrimony joins two people, but that pairing is rooted in one word: mother。婚姻让两个人走到一起,不过这种联姻源自于一个词:mother(母亲)。
  
    Matrimony comes from mater, Latin for "mother." This reflects the traditional role of marriage in legalizing motherhood – allowing women to produce legitimate children and heirs.Matrimony也源自于拉丁语中的mater(母亲)一词。这也反应了母系合法化过程中婚姻的传统地位,即婚姻让女人能够繁衍合法的子 嗣。
  MatterMatter
  
    Matter 物质
  
    The fact of the matter is this: the Latin word for "mother," mater, is this word's distant ancestor.Matter一词怎么会出现在这里?事情是这样的,拉丁语中的mater(母亲)一词是matter一词的远祖。
  
    Mater was shaped into materia, meaning "physical substance" or "matter." Materia eventually developed into matter.Mater一词后来演化成materia,即“物质”。而materia一词最终演化成了matter这个词。
  
    Why did mother lead to matter? The connection is uncertain, but perhaps it's because matter is the substance from which something is made; and it is mother from which we all are made。“母亲”和“物质”之间有什么因果关系呢?答案尚不明确。或许因为物质是构成所有事物的成分,也是我们所有人成形之源头吧。





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