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高考考前干货!最容易弄混的单词句子整理+书面表达必备素材库,高三党必看!
来源:21英语网    日期: 2017-06-06

所谓无底深渊,下去,也是前程万里。

                                    —— 木心


今天距离高考,还有1天。


作为过来人的世纪君表示,各位高考党的宝宝们目前就只需调整好心态,沉着应试,稳定发挥,就能够收获自己满意的成绩~

(本君真是羡慕你们都处在人生最美好的年纪啊……)


当然,也不排除还有小伙伴在这一天依然想临时抱次佛脚(笑)~

所以,贴心又可爱的世纪君当然要放出大招——考前必备的英语干货!!!


港真,要想在高考英语中拿到高分,能够识破出题老师的心机陷阱题,以及令审美疲劳的判卷老师眼前一亮,是时候拿出世纪君特此准备的独门秘籍了,希望大家在考场上都能用上哟~


如何避开出题老师的心机陷阱?


出题老师最喜欢玩的套路之一,就是把一些容易混淆的单词和句子放在一起考,让本来就对这些知识点“傻傻分不清楚”的人中招,无形中放倒一大片……


在这里,世纪君特意整理了一批容易混淆的单词和句子,提升大家的抗陷阱能力~


单词篇


1. Immoral vs. Amoral

世纪君贴心偏方

牢记一个词,moral(道德的),前面加上表示否定的im-就变成了“不道德的”,两个都记住了,而amoral指的是“与道德无关的”。那么,immoral和amoral具体用到哪些情境中呢?下面几句话帮你新技能get!


For example, Macbeth acknowledges that it is wrong for a host to kill his guest, but he and his wife do it anyway. Their murder of Duncan is immoral. When the sharks in Jaws(电影《大白鲨》)kill people, their behavior is amoral. They don’t feel that it’s wrong to kill a human being. Here is an example of current uses of amoral:


Nature is amoral. Nature is neither good nor bad. It just is.


2. Compliment vs. Complement

世纪君贴心偏方

要区分这两个单词很简单,complete (完全的,完整的)小伙伴们都很熟悉,complement就是为了“完整、完美”而“补充,补足”,做名词表示“补充物”。知道了这一点,就再也不会混淆这两个单词了。而compliment则意为“恭维、称赞”。


“To compliment” is to praise”;“to complement” is “to complete.”


3. Economic vs. Economical

世纪君贴心偏方

虽然两个词说的都是经济,又同属形容词,但一个指“经济上的、经济(学)的”(economic),一个则说的是过日子“经济(节俭)的”(economical)。一个单词看你是不是持家小能手,千万别搞错哦~


举个栗子:


A wealth of economic data and events over the course of this week will give a broad assessment of the Australian economy.


It’s usually economical to buy washing powder in large quantities.


4. Forward vs. Foreword

 

世纪君贴心偏方

自己试着读这两个词,是不是要崩溃了?长得像也就算了,连发音也这么相似是要闹哪样!表捉急,从它们的中文含义入手,“前言”是由一个个词汇(word)写成哒,英文自然是foreword;搞定了这个,要记住forward(向前的)是不是就轻松多了?


举个栗子:

   

The door opened, blocking his forward movements.

  

As a 21-year-old college student, he published a book and invited historian and scholar Yi Zhongtian to write a foreword.


5. Desert vs. Dessert

世纪君贴心偏方

世纪君当年为了背单词也是拼了!以前这两个词总也分不清,直到……“好吃你就多吃点”,这个广告词有木有很熟?对啦,“甜点(dessert)”好吃,所以要比“沙漠(desert)”多一点(s)!


说到desert,世纪君再来给你们拓展一下:英文中有一个短语get one’s just deserts, 意为“罪有应得”,例如:Some people felt he had gotten his just deserts, having been imprisoned and relieved of his ill-gotten gains, but others would have preferred old-style public flogging.


6.Disinterested vs. Uninterested

世纪君贴心偏方

都是interested加否定前缀,遇到酱紫的奇葩“双胞胎”,世纪君推荐例句区分法,记住一个例句,保证你再也不会混淆~

 

Some students are uninterested in schoolwork, whereas a third-party mediator is disinterested in the dispute being arbitrated.

   

这句话是不是说出了你的心声?对家庭作业,那妥妥的是毫无兴趣哒(uninterested),处理纠纷啥的还是要公正无私滴(disinterested)~怎么样?轻松记住了吧~


7. Lie vs. Lay


世纪君贴心偏方

Lie和lay傻傻分不清楚?到底该怎么区分它们捏?Lie表示“躺,位于”,还有“撒谎”的意思,过去式是lay。而Lay在做动词原形时表示“(将物品)放,搁”的意思。下次再碰到这个单词,先根据时间副词和上下文判断句子时态来确定这个词的意思就可以啦。


举个栗子:


Lie:

I want to lie on that couch. / Don’t trust him! He’s lying.

  

Lay:

Lay your jacket on the chair.


8.Farther vs. Further

世纪君贴心偏方

只知其一不知其二的小伙伴们注意啦:“farther”和“further”虽然都是far的比较级,但区别还是有滴!Farther表示具象的,指“距离上更远”,而further表示抽象的,主要指“程度上更进一步”。看完例句,你明白了吗?


举个栗子:


I live farther from the grocery store than you do.

  

Nancy read further into the comment and got angry.


9. i.e. vs. e.g.

世纪君贴心偏方

很多缩略词也经常被用混,比如e.g.,i.e.就长得很像有木有?它俩都是拉丁语的缩写,“i.e.”指in other words,意为“换句话说,即”。而“e.g.”等于“for example”(例如),千万别记混啦!


举个栗子:


Red apples are my favorite fruit (i.e. keep those green apples away from me!).

  

Would you buy me some red apples (e.g. Red Delicious, Fuji, or Gala)?


10. Flaunt vs. flout

世纪君贴心偏方

脸盲而分不清“flaunt”和“flout”?“Flaunt”表示“炫耀”,而“flout”则表示“愚弄和叛逆”。看看下面的例句,麻麻再也不用担心我搞错啦!

  

She flaunted her diamond earrings by wearing her hair in a bun.

  

She flouted school rules by wearing a short skirt.


句子篇


1. Do they plan to start a family?

 


误解:他们准备结婚吗?

正解:他们准备要小孩吗?

马上学

Family在这里不是指家庭,而是指子女孩子。例如:He's devoted to his wife and family.(他对老婆孩子一心一意。)


2. He was forced to say uncle.


误解:他是被迫要喊叔叔的。

正解:他是被迫认输的。


马上学

Say uncle或者cry uncle不是让你“喊你叔”,而是表示“认输”、“投降”的意思。例如: I never say uncle.(我从不认输。)


3. You have me there.


误解:你找到我了。

正解:被你问倒了。


马上学

千万别一看到there就想到地点。You have me there.在英文里是个固定说法,表示“我不知道啊!”例如:—Why did she leave?(她为什么走了?) —You have me there.(我也不知道啊。)


4. I couldn't care less what they do.


误解:我很在意他们做什么。

正解:我一点儿也不在乎他们做什么。


马上学

Couldn't care less是个固定说法,用来形容冷漠,毫不在乎,比如:I started to get irritated by this couldn’t-care-less attitude. (这种蛮不在乎的态度惹恼了我。)


5. The fence is in excellent repair.


误解:栅栏修好了。

正解:栅栏很完好。


马上学

In good repair或者in excellent repair不是说真的有东西被修理了,而是指当前的情况或状态良好。比如:The house is not in good repair.(这房子的状况不好。)


6. Nothing of the sort.


误解:没有这一类。

正解:没有这回事儿。


马上学

Of the sort指的是之前提过的某个人或某件事,nothing of the sort则表示不是某个意思、没有这回事儿。例:—You said you didn't like him.(你说过不喜欢他。) — I said nothing of the sort.(我没说过这话。)


7. He has athlete's foot.


误解:他跑得快。

正解:他有脚气。


马上学

Athlete's foot不是夸别人有运动员一般的脚,而是指真菌感染的足藓,俗称“香港脚”或“脚气”。


8. His word is as good as gold.


误解:他说的都是金玉良言。

正解:他说话靠谱。


马上学

As good as gold通常用来形容孩子很乖,但形容一个人说的话时,则表示这个人很靠谱,值得信任,会说到做到。


9. They spent a small fortune on redecorating their house.


误解:他们装修房子没花太多钱。

正解:他们装修房子花了好多钱。


马上学

虽然small有小的意思,但是a small fortune是个固定说法,表示一大笔钱。例如:This house cost hardly anything when we bought it, but now it's worth a small fortune.(这房子我们当年买时没花多少钱,但现在可值一大笔钱了。)


10. Likely as not, we'll never be told what really happened.


误解:不可能永远不告诉我们事情的真相。

正解:很可能,我们永远也无法知道事情的真相。


马上学

(As) likely as not意指“很可能”,如:I won’t take their pills because as likely as not they’d poison me.(我不会吃他们给的药,因为他们很可能是想毒害我。)表达绝不可能,英文可说not likely。


如何令阅卷老师眼前一亮?


作文是主观题中很重要的一环,作文要想拿高分,那可得有不同于众人的好词佳句,才能让阅卷老师有种“他/她好棒好特别,和普通学生都不一样”的感觉呀~


在此,世纪君特意为大家拿出一些压箱底的书面表达热点素材,没准考试时就用上了呢!


1
对外交流


【发出邀请/表示欢迎】


1. Please allow me, on behalf of my school, to express my heartfelt welcome and greetings to our distinguished guests.

请允许我代表我的学校,向贵宾们表示诚挚的欢迎及问候。


2.  We take great pleasure in inviting you to our conference.

我们很高兴地邀请您参加我们的会议。


【交流活动/行程安排】


3. When you arrive at Beijing airport, you'll be greeted by an English-speaking guide who will take you to the hotel, which is 30 minutes away by taxi.

当你到达北京机场时,一位说英文的向导会来迎接你。他将带你前往距离机场30分钟车程的酒店。


【对外宾的建议、请求】


4. If this is not a convenient time for you, please feel free to suggest another time.

如果这个时间对您来说不方便,请尽管再提出另一个时间。


5. It is highly recommended that you taste the traditional Beijing snacks that have been included on the city’s intangible cultural heritage list.

强烈建议您尝尝被列入北京非物质文化遗产名录的传统小吃。


2
人生规划


【目标与理想】


1.Nothing interests me more than becoming an engineer.

我最想成为一名工程师。


2.Perhaps that is when you have to persevere – keep pushing yourself and keep trying.

或许那便是你要坚持下去的时刻 —— 不断鞭策自己,不断地去尝试。


【爱好与特长】


3.I took up writing when I was 10, and I still like it today.

我从10岁时开始写作,如今我依然热衷于此。


【学习方法与态度】


4.Instead of relaxing, he had to bury himself in the homework he had left over from the week before.

他并没有放松休息,而是埋头做上周落下的作业。


5. We must keep up our spirits in class.

我们要在课堂上精神饱满。


3
社会热点


【生态环境】


1. China is facing severe challenges when it comes preventing environmental disasters.

在预防生态灾害上,中国正面临着严峻的挑战。


2. There is no doubt that enough attention must be paid to water shortages. Governments should take measures to raise people’s awareness of water problems.

毫无疑问的是,水资源短缺问题应当被给予足够的重视。政府应当采取措施,提高人们对于水资源问题的意识。


【科技发展】


3. Being a phubber could also damage your social skills and drive away from your friends and family.

成为低头族同样也能对你的社交能力造成损害,令你和家人朋友疏远。


【社会行为】


4. When you are in a restaurant with your friends, keep phone conversations short and try to speak in a quiet tone of voice. Make a call only if it is important.

当你在餐厅里和朋友用餐时,尽量缩短打电话的时间并且小声说话。只有在有要事的情况下才打电话。


5. Chinese tourists’ uncivilized behavior abroad, such as talking loudly in public places, is harming the country’s image.

中国游客在国外的不文明行为,如在公共场合大声喧哗等,损害了国家的形象。


4
人际交往


【校园关系】


1. You should start by looking for a likeminded person. Soon enough, you’ll be like two peas in a pod.

你应该一开始找一个志同道合的人。很快你俩就会彼此相像。


2. Elective courses are always popular with students because they offer the chance to learn about something more exciting and let off some steam.

选修课总是很受学生们的欢迎,因为学习的内容更令人兴奋,还能帮人减压。


【家庭关系】


3. Our mothers are our truest friends. We turn to them when we are faced with difficult times.

母亲是我们最真诚的朋友。我们遇到困难时总是向她们求助。


【如何处理人际关系】


4. I often pour my thoughts out to my close friends.

我时常向好友倾诉自己的想法。


5. We students should step out of our comfort zone, sign up for different school teams and make friends.

我们学生应当走出自己的舒适区,参加各种校队,结识新朋友。


以上写作素材内容选取自《21世纪学生英文报·高三》2017年高考特辑(总第622期,合刊),感兴趣且学有余力的盆友可以戳这里购买电子版的622期(合刊)哟~


最后,世纪君想再送给大家辛弃疾的一首词:


白苧新袍入嫩凉。春蚕食叶响回廊。禹门已准桃花浪,月殿先收桂子香。

鹏北海,凤朝阳。又携书剑路茫茫。明年此日青云去,却笑人间举子忙。


高考学子们,加油!






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