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Employers’ prejudices

让就业打破歧视的壁垒

中文 英文 双语 2012-06-18    来源:Wang Zi 21st Century Staff      阅读数:94932
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导读:近年来,许多大学毕业生都在遭遇就业歧视(employment discrimination)。性别、身高、外貌,甚至是星座,这些都成为一些用人单位的招聘条件。而与男大学生相比,女大学生则面临着更多的就业歧视。
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就业歧视
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让就业打破歧视的壁垒

For a second time an HR manager says sorry to Han Jiayue before remarking ironically “if you were male, we would definitely sign you”.
这已经是韩佳悦(音译)第二次被人事经理拒绝了;而颇具讽刺意味的是,他们的评价都是:“如果你是男的就好了,我们绝对会录用你。”

The 23-year-old Wuhan University of Technology graduate has a good GPA and an impressive resume. The only reason she has yet to get a job offer is that she is female.
这名现年23岁的武汉理工大学毕业生有着很棒的大学科目平均成绩,简历也十分出彩。而导致她仍没有找到工作的唯一原因竟是她的女性身份。

“I was qualified for everything,” said Han. “But I got eliminated in the final interview because I am a woman.”
“我可以胜任任何工作,”韩佳悦说:“但就因为我是女生所以在最终一轮面试时被淘汰出局。”

According to a recent survey by Beijing Working Committee on Children and Women, more than 61 percent of female graduates are the victims of gender discrimination.
根据北京市妇女儿童工作委员会的最新调查显示,超过61% 的大学女性毕业生曾遭受过性别歧视。

But things do not stop there. Employment discrimination of various kinds is widespread. Experts warn that job discrimination has already become a social problem that poisons the cornerstones of a healthy society – justice and equality.
但事情还不止于此。各式各样的就业歧视无处不在。专家警告,就业歧视已然成为一个社会问题,正在毒害着健康社会的基石——公平与公正。

A 2010 survey on college graduates employment by China University of Political Science and Law revealed that more than half suffered employment discrimination from gender to age, height to Hukou.
一项由中国政法大学于2010年发起的毕业生求职调查显示,超过一半的学生遭受过性别、年龄和户口等方面的就业歧视。

Recently, a state-owned petroleum company rejected several job applicants who had Hepatitis B despite regulations about not discriminating against them.
尽管相关规定禁止歧视乙肝患者,但一家国有石油公司近日还是拒绝了几位乙肝求职者。

According to a report by Beijing Yirenping Center, an organization dedicated to combating Hepatitis B discrimination, over 60 percent of major state-owned enterprises require a Hepatitis B examination as a precondition of a job offer.
北京益仁平中心致力于消除乙肝歧视,据该组织的一项报告称,有超过60%的大型国企要求求职者进行乙肝检查,并将此作为录用的先决条件。

Yang Liyan, of a Wuhan-based psychological consulting company, said that bias is the cause for discrimination, which could be avoided.
来自武汉一家心理咨询公司的杨丽艳(音译)表示,歧视源于偏见,而这一点是本可以避免的。

“People’s fear of the disease is the root of prejudice,” said Yang. “Like HIV, people would not be infected just being around carriers. But the public is not informed enough to accept that.”
“人们对于疾病的恐慌是歧视的根源,”杨丽艳说:“就像艾滋病一样,同HIV携带者进行日常接触是不会被传染的。但是公众并没有得到充分的信息来明白这点。”

Job hunter Han agrees. “People think women employees will be a burden because they will get pregnant, take maternity leave and will breastfeed,” said Han.
作为一名求职者,韩佳悦对此表示同意。她说“人们认为女性职员将来会是种负担,因为她们会怀孕,休产假、养育孩子。”

However, according to Liu Xiaonan, assistant professor at China University of Political Science and Law, discrimination in the workplace damages social justice and equality. Liu’s 2010 research found that 59 percent of employers require a local Hukou in their hiring specifics.
而来自中国政法大学的助教刘晓楠(音译)则认为职场中的歧视会危害到社会的公平和公正。刘晓楠在2010年的一项研究中发现,59%的用人单位在招聘详情中写明要求本地户口。

“This is institutional discrimination inherited from the era of the planned economy,” said Liu. “The Hukou system is of the many obstacles that prevent a healthy mobility of talent around the country.”
“这是从计划经济时代遗留下来的制度性歧视”,刘晓楠说:“户籍制度是众多阻碍国内人才良性流动的因素之一。”

Cai Dingjian, a professor at the same university as Liu, told The Beijing News last year that discrimination is rampant in the job market which is fundamentally a lack of equality which undermines social stability.
同样来自中国政法大学的蔡定剑教授去年在接受《新京报》采访时称,就业市场缺乏公平竞争,普遍存在歧视现象,这会破坏社会稳定。

As to Han, people say that third time’s the charm. She finally found a company which did not mind her being a woman.
在韩佳悦身上,正应验了那句俗语“事不过三”。最终她找到了一家不存在性别歧视的公司。

“But I was asked if I’d agree not to get married until my fifth year in the company,” said Han.
她说:“但我曾经被问及,能否同意工作五年后再结婚。”

21英语网站版权说明  (Translator & Editor: 21英语 Ruby AND Aaron)


以上文章内容选自《21世纪英文报》,详情请见《21世纪英文报》959期
辞海拾贝
inherit继承 infect感染
Hepatitis B乙型肝炎 specific细节
undermine破坏 bias偏见
cornerstone基础 maternity leave产假
precondition前提 rampant猖獗的



 


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