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Rhino almost extinct

世上再无北方白犀牛“男丁”

中文 英文 双语 2018-04-02    来源:21世纪学生英文报·高一      阅读数:55044
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导读:3月19日,地球上仅存的一头雄性北方白犀牛“苏丹”以“安乐死”方式离世。至此,世界上仅剩两头雌性北方白犀牛。北方白犀牛作为一个种群将面临灭绝……

A visitor to Astor Place in New York checks out a statue of Sudan, the world’s last male northern white rhino. TNS
There are more than seven billion people on Earth, so it’s hard to imagine only having one other of your kind to keep you company. But sadly, for the white rhino, the world recently became a very lonely place.
地球上共有超过70亿人口,所以很难想象只剩下一个人陪在你身边的感觉。但令人难过的是,对于白犀牛而言,这个世界近来变成了一个孤独之地。

According to BBC News, the world’s last surviving male northern white rhino, named Sudan, died in Kenya at the age of 45 on March 19. His death means there are only two females – his daughter and granddaughter – remaining in the world, marking the extinction of a rare species.
据BBC新闻报道,3月19日,世界上最后一头雄性北方白犀牛、45岁的“苏丹”在肯尼亚去世。他死后,世上仅存两头雌性北方白犀牛 —— 他的“女儿”和“孙女”,这意味着这一珍稀物种面临灭绝。

“His death is a cruel symbol of human disregard for nature and it saddened everyone who knew him,” Jan Stejskal, director of international projects at Dvur Kralove Zoo in the Czech Republic, where Sudan lived before coming to Kenya, told Daily Mail.
“他的死亡是人类不尊重自然的残酷象征,让所有知道‘苏丹’的人都感到悲伤,”捷克徳•克劳福动物园的国际项目负责人扬·斯泰斯卡尔在接受《每日邮报》采访时表示。 ‘苏丹’在前往肯尼亚之前,曾生活在这里。

Sudan’s death brought attention to what the Center for Biological Diversity, a nonprofit conservation organization in the US, called the “sixth mass extinction of plants and animals” on our planet.
“苏丹”之死让人们开始关注美国非盈利保护组织“生物多样性中心”所提出的地球“第六次物种大灭绝”。

BBC News reported that by 2050, 30 to 50 percent of all the world’s species could be heading toward extinction. “It is human activity that speeds up the rate of extinction by up to 10,000 times its natural rate,” it wrote.
BBC新闻报道称,到2050年,全球30-50%的物种将濒临灭绝。“正是人类活动加速了物种灭绝的速度,比自然灭绝的速度快了1万倍,”BBC新闻写道。

For example, as the World Wildlife Fund noted, the population of northern white rhinos in Africa was largely wiped out during the poaching crisis of the 1970s and 1980s. And by turning forests, grasslands and rivers into roads, buildings and reservoirs, humans further deprived these animals of their natural home.
例如,正如世界自然基金会所指出的那样,上世纪七八十年代,北方白犀牛在非洲的数量由于偷猎危机而急剧下降。人类将森林、草地以及河流改造成公路、建筑物以及水库,也进一步剥夺了这些动物在大自然中的栖身之处。

But with so many other wildlife species on Earth, why is the white rhino so important? The answer is down to biodiversity.
但地球上还有这么多其他的野生物种,为什么北方白犀牛那么重要呢?答案就在于生物多样性。

According to National Geographic, “all species are interconnected. They depend on one another. With less biodiversity, these connections weaken and sometimes break, harming all the species in the ecosystem.”
据《国家地理》杂志报道,“所有的物种都相互关联,彼此依赖。随着生物多样性的减少,这些联系被不断地削弱,有时甚至被破坏,对生态系统中的所有物种都造成了伤害。”

Fortunately, efforts are being made to save the white rhino. As BBC News noted, hope for protecting the species now lies in “developing in vitro fertilization techniques”.
幸运的是,人们正做出各种各样的努力来拯救北方白犀牛。正如BBC新闻所指出的那样,保护该物种的希望现在就在于“试管受精技术”。

Before Sudan died, some of his genetic material was taken and safely stored.
在‘苏丹’去世之前,人们提取了一些他的基因物质,并妥善保存了起来。

The plan is to use stored sperm from Sudan and other northern white rhino males, and eggs from the remaining females, to implant an embryo in a surrogate southern white rhino, explained BBC News.
人们计划用‘苏丹’以及其他雄性北方白犀牛的冷冻精子,与现存雌性白犀牛的卵子进行体外受精,然后植入南方白犀牛体内代孕,BBC新闻如此解释道。

The final goal is to create a herd of five to 15 northern white rhinos that would be returned to their natural habitat in Africa, although that could take years to achieve.
人们的最终目标在于培育出5-15头北方白犀牛群,能够让它们回到非洲的野外栖息地生活,尽管这一目标或许要经过多年才能实现。

21英语网站版权说明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章内容选自《21世纪学生英文报高中版》,详情请见《21世纪学生英文报高中版》高一707期
辞海拾贝
Extinction灭绝 Disregard不尊重
Conservation保护 Poaching crisis偷猎危机
Reservoirs水库 Deprived剥夺
Biodiversity生物多样性 Ecosystem生态系统
In Vitro FertilizationIVF, 试管受精 Genetic基因的
Sperm精子 Embryo胚胎
Surrogate代孕的 


 
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