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Changing through the ages
人类是从鱼演化来的?

来源:融媒体采编平台    作者:李馨竺   日期: 2022-10-21
导读:我国科研人员发现一批古鱼化石,拨开了“从鱼到人”关键演化的重重迷雾!

 

Jawed fish are proved to have thrived 440 million years ago, eventually moving on land and evolving into other animals. VCG

 

Humans evolved from apes. This is what we learned in biology class. But what came before apes? Chinese scientists have discovered fossils that could enrich the evolutionary story of how humans evolved from fish.

我们在生物课上学过,人类是从类人猿进化而来的,但是在类人猿之前呢?我国科学家发现一批化石,完善了人类如何从鱼类演化而来的进化故事。

 

According to four articles published in the journal Nature in late September, Chinese researchers found fish fossils that provide the “missing link” about the origin of the jaw, a key trait that 99.8 percent of vertebrate species have.

根据9月下旬发表于《自然》杂志的四篇文章,中国研究人员发现的古鱼化石填补了有颌类起源的“缺失环节”,地球上现存99.8%的脊椎动物都具有颌骨(上颌与下巴)这一关键特征。

 

Zhu Min, a lead researcher of the studies from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told China Daily that the findings drew a large amount of interest in the science world due to the importance of jaws in animal evolution.

据《中国日报》报道,领衔该研究的中国科学院朱敏院士表示,有颌类在动物演化史中至关重要,因此这些发现在科学界引发了极大兴趣。

 

However, the rise of the jaw had been a mystery due to a lack of sufficient fossil evidence to support that jawed vertebrates lived 450 million years ago.

然而,有颌类的崛起一度笼罩在迷雾中,由于化石实证不够充分,科学家无法证明4.5亿年前已经出现有颌脊椎动物。

 

The latest findings made by Zhu’s team presented a set of five surprisingly well-preserved fish fossils that included three whole-bodied fish, helping scientists paint a more accurate evolutionary picture of the origin of the jaw. The fish fossils were discovered at two sites in Chongqing and Guizhou, whose strata date back to the Silurian Period that began around 440 million years ago.

朱敏院士团队的最新研究成果展示了五种保存十分完好的古鱼化石,其中包括三种完整保存的鱼类,帮助科学家描绘出了更准确的有颌类起源进化图。这些古鱼化石是在我国重庆、贵州等地志留纪早期距今约4.4亿年的地层中发现的。

 

These fossils show that jawed fish were already thriving in the world’s ancient oceans at that time. Later on, more diverse and larger jawed fish evolved and began to spread around the world, paving the way for some fish to eventually go on land and evolve into other animals – including humans.

朱敏院士团队发现的化石表明,有颌类各大类群当时已经在那片远古时期的海洋中欣欣向荣。后来,更多样、更大型的有颌类属种出现并开始扩散到全球,开启了鱼类登陆,并最终演化成为其他动物——包括人类的进程。

 

“These fossils provide an unprecedented opportunity to peek into the ‘dawn of fish’ and help scientists trace many human body structures back to these ancient fish, thus filling some key gaps in the evolutionary history of how fish evolved into humans,” Zhu said.

朱敏院士说,“这些化石为我们一窥‘鱼类的黎明’提供了前所未有的机会,还帮助科学家将很多与人类相关的解剖学结构追溯到这些远古鱼类,填补了‘从鱼到人’演化史上的一些关键空白。”

 

以上文章内容选自《21世纪学生英文报》高三788期

 





 
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