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翻译频道 > 热点翻译 > 正文
“北溪”天然气管道遭“蓄意破坏”后多方发声,外媒聚焦:谁干的?
来源:融媒体采编平台    作者:马铮   日期: 2022-09-28

近来,“北溪”天然气管道泄露事件引发全球关注,瑞典、丹麦、俄罗斯等相关方面纷纷发声并要求开启调查,但事故原因仍然扑朔迷离。

European countries on Tuesday raced to investigate unexplained leaks in two Russian gas pipelines Nord Stream running under the Baltic Sea near Sweden and Denmark.

 

丹麦:管道泄露为“蓄意破坏”

据新华网报道,瑞典的测量站26日在“北溪-1”和“北溪-2”天然气管道发生泄漏的同一水域探测到两次强烈的水下爆炸。新华网援引瑞典电视台报道称,两次爆炸分别发生在当地时间26日2时03分和晚上7时04分,瑞典海事局随后发出有关气体泄漏的警告。

Measuring stations in Sweden registered strong underwater explosions in the same area of sea as the gas leaks that occurred in the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines on Monday, Swedish television (SVT) reported on Tuesday. According to the SVT, the first explosion was recorded at 2:03 a.m. local time (00:03 GMT) on Monday and the second at 7:04 p.m. (17:04 GMT) on Monday evening.

瑞典国家地震台网地震学讲师比约恩·伦德说,能清楚地看到事发水域的海浪如何从底部反弹到水面,这“毫无疑问是发生了爆炸”。其中一次爆炸产生相当于2.3级的地震,瑞典南部30个测量站都探测到此次爆炸。

"There is no doubt that these were explosions," Bjorn Lund, lecturer in seismology at the Swedish National Seismic Network (SNSN), was quoted by the SVT as saying on Tuesday. "You can clearly see how the waves bounce from the bottom to the surface." One of the explosions had a magnitude of 2.3 on the Richter scale, similar to a perceptible earthquake, and was registered by 30 measuring stations in southern Sweden.

丹麦首相弗雷泽里克森27日晚在新闻发布会上说,根据丹麦相关机构的综合评估,“北溪”天然气管道泄漏并非“事故”而是“蓄意破坏”。

The government of Denmark considers the Nord Stream gas pipeline leaks "deliberate actions," Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said here on Tuesday. "It is the clear assessment by authorities that these are deliberate actions. It was not an accident," Frederiksen told journalists.

 

 

据新华社报道,丹麦能源署27日证实,26日丹麦附近水域的“北溪-2”管道发现一个泄漏点不久,“北溪-1”管道又发现两个泄漏点,分别位于丹麦和瑞典附近水域。丹麦能源署署长在新闻公报中说,天然气管道出现泄漏是极其罕见的。

俄罗斯“北溪-1”项目运营方北溪天然气管道公司27日发表声明说,“北溪-1”和“北溪-2”海底输气管道的三条管线一天内同时发生损坏的情况前所未有,目前尚无法评估维修时间。

“北溪-1”管道2011年建成,东起俄罗斯维堡,经由波罗的海海底通往德国。“北溪-2”管道去年建成,与“北溪-1”基本平行,尚未投入使用,但仍有部分天然气封存在管道内。

外媒:有欧洲官员指责俄罗斯

事件发生后,欧盟委员会主席冯德莱恩当地时间9月27日在社交媒体上表示,她与丹麦首相弗雷泽里克森讨论了当天发生的对“北溪”天然气管道的破坏行为,欧盟将全力支持有关国家对这一事件展开调查。冯德莱恩表示,任何对欧盟国家在用的能源基础设施的有意破坏都是不能容忍的,并将招致“最强烈的反应”。

European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen on Tuesday said the leaks of the Nord Stream pipelines were caused by sabotage, and warned of the "strongest possible response" should active European energy infrastructure be attacked. "Spoke to (Danish Prime Minister Mette) Frederiksen on the sabotage action Nordstream," von der Leyen said on Twitter, adding it was paramount now to investigate the incidents to get full clarity on the "events and why."

 

 

俄罗斯克里姆林宫发言人佩斯科夫也表示,目前不能排除任何因素。

In Moscow, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters,” “No option can be ruled out right now.”

不过,《华盛顿邮报》等外媒报道称部分欧洲领导人指责是俄罗斯方面“蓄意破坏(sabotage)”。

 
 

报道称,欧洲领导人认为爆炸造成管道损害为“蓄意”,其中一些官员指责为克林姆林宫所为,暗示爆炸是俄方向欧洲发出威胁。

European leaders said Tuesday they believed dual explosions that damaged pipelines built to carry Russian natural gas to Europe were deliberate, and some officials blamed the Kremlin, suggesting the blasts were intended as a threat to the continent.

*Sabotage可表示“阴谋破坏”,剑桥词典中归纳了两个解释为:

1.破坏或摧毁装备、武器或建筑,达到阻止敌人或竞争者成功的目的;

to damage or destroy equipment, weapons, or buildings in order to prevent the success of an enemy or competitor;

2.故意阻止某个计划或行动的成功。

to intentionally prevent the success of a plan or action.

报道称,破坏管道不会对欧洲的能源供应立即产生影响。俄罗斯方面本月初已经切断了供应,欧洲国家则在此之前就抓紧铺设新管道,确保替代能源供应。不过,这一事件可能标志着“北溪”管道项目的终结,过去20多年来“北溪”的存在加重了欧洲对于俄罗斯天然气的依赖,而很多欧洲官员表示这本身就是“严重的战略错误”。

The damage did not have an immediate impact on Europe’s energy supplies. Russia cut off flows earlier this month, and European countries had scrambled to build up stockpiles and secure alternative energy sources before that. But the episode is likely to mark a final end to the Nord Stream pipeline projects, a more-than-two-decade effort that deepened Europe’s dependence on Russian natural gas — and that many officials now say was a grave strategic mistake.

据央广网报道,俄罗斯总统新闻秘书佩斯科夫27日表示,“北溪”项目的紧急状态事关整个欧洲大陆的能源安全,俄方对此极为关切。不排除管道事故是破坏活动所致。

波兰前部长:谢谢你,美国

与外媒报道“谴责俄方”相对应的,则是来自波兰的欧洲议会议员西科尔斯基的推特,他Po出了管道泄露的图片,并配文:“谢谢你,美国。”

 

西科尔斯基曾历任波兰国防部长和外交部长等职务。他在推文的评论区称“西欧不缺乏从俄罗斯获取天然气的管道”,这些管道仅仅是俄罗斯“敲诈(blackmail)”所用。不过面对评论区网友“为何提到美国”的疑问,西科尔斯基并未回复。

 

综合来源:新华网,CNN,路透社,华盛顿邮报





 
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