Hi,
订阅
报纸
纸质报纸 电子报纸
手机订阅 微商城
英语
学习
双语学习 热点翻译 英语视频
实用英语 报纸听力 图书推荐
教育
信息
最新动态 活动预告
备课资源 语言文化
演讲
比赛
精彩演讲
活动动态
用报
专区
高中   初中
小学   画刊

Reveal Beijing’s design

北京中轴线:一线中轴,承古通今

中文 英文 双语 2022-05-17    来源:21世纪学生英文报·高二     
字号 [] [] [] 打印

导读:北京中轴线已经申遗了!这片区域不仅有我们熟悉的地标建筑,更延续着深远的观念。

QIANTU

What comes to your mind when you think of Beijing? The Forbidden City? Tian’anmen Square? The Temple of Heaven?
提起北京,你会想到什么?故宫、天安门广场还是天坛?

These famous landmarks are all located along the central axis. As the best-preserved core area of the old city of Beijing, the central axis is now under consideration for UNESCO’s World Heritage status.
这些著名的地标建筑均位于北京中轴线上。作为古代北京城市保存最完好的核心区域,北京中轴线已向联合国教科文组织申请加入世界遗产。

The central axis refers to the “line” that separates the eastern and western parts of Beijing. At 7.8 kilometers long, it runs from Yongding Gate in the south to the Bell Tower and Drum Tower in the north. Construction began in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), and continued during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
北京中轴线是一条分割北京东西部的“线”。此线长7.8公里,南起永定门,北至钟鼓楼,始于元代(1271年-1368年),并由明清两代延续。

The central axis is like the backbone of Beijing. It smartly organized the palaces, temples and altars, markets and streets in ancient times, UNESCO noted.
中轴线就像北京的脊梁。联合国教科文组织指出,北京中轴线巧妙地串联了古代的宫殿、寺庙、祭坛、市场和街道。

The central axis shows the traditional Chinese concept of “respecting the center”. This stressed the importance of imperial power, as the royal palace would be in the central spot. Other important buildings were placed around it. For example, the Imperial Ancestral Temple was to the east of the Forbidden City, while the Altar of Land and Grain lay to the west.
北京中轴线体现了中国传统的“尚中”观念,将皇宫置于中心位置,其他重要建筑安置在四周,从而强调皇权的重要性。例如,太庙在故宫东面,而社稷坛在其西面。

The central axis also shows traditional Chinese ideas like harmony between man and nature and following order. It runs from the south to the north, the same as the direction of a meridian. The ritual culture that started from the Zhou Dynasty (11th century-256 BC) stressed balance, symmetry and order. There are lots of symmetric buildings along the axis. The Forbidden City is the most well-known.
北京中轴线还体现了中国传统思想,如天人合一、和谐共生、井然有序。中轴线自南向北延伸,与子午线的方向相同。始于周朝(公元前11世纪-公元前256年)的礼乐文化注重平衡、对称和秩序,因而沿轴线排布有很多对称的建筑,其中故宫最为著名。

Beijing was not the first city to use a central axis. During the Three Kingdoms period (220-280), the city Yecheng had a street running from the east to the west. It separated the royal palaces from common people’s living and business areas. In Chang’an (now in Shaanxi province), the capital of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), there was a wide street from the north to the south. It made the city symmetrical.
北京并不是第一个使用中轴线的城市。三国时期(220年-280年),邺城有一条自东向西的街道,将皇家宫殿与平民的生活区和商业区分隔开。在唐朝(618年-907年)的都城长安(今陕西省),有一条从北至南的宽阔街道,将城市对称分割。

“The central axis is more than a material relic. It is also a continuation of the traditional Chinese city layout concept,” said Shan Jixiang, former director of the Palace Museum.
故宫博物院前院长单霁翔说:“中轴线不是简单的物质遗存,而是中国传统都城规划观念的不断延续。”

21英语网站版权说明  (Translator & Editor: Li Xinzhu AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章内容选自《21世纪学生英文报高中版》,详情请见《21世纪学生英文报高中版》高二868期
辞海拾贝
landmarks地标 axis中轴线
backbone脊梁 altars祭坛
imperial power皇权 meridian子午线
ritual symmetry对称
continuation延续 


 


 主办
联系我们   |    诚聘英才   |   演讲比赛   |   关于我们   |   手机访问
中报二十一世纪(北京)传媒科技有限公司版权所有,未经书面授权,禁止转载或建立镜像。
主办单位:中国日报社 Copyright by 21st Century English Education Media All Rights Reserved 版权所有 复制必究
网站信息网络传播视听节目许可证0108263   京ICP备13028878号-12   京公网安备 11010502033664号

关闭
内容